Replication stress (RS) is a cancer hallmark; chemotherapeutic drugs targeting RS are widely used as treatments for various cancers. To develop next-generation RS-inducing anticancer drugs, cell division cycle 7 (CDC7) has recently attracted attention as a target. We have developed an oral CDC7-selective inhibitor, TAK-931, as a candidate clinical anticancer drug. TAK-931 induced S phase delay and RS. TAK-931–induced RS caused mitotic aberrations through centrosome dysregulation and chromosome missegregation, resulting in irreversible antiproliferative effects in cancer cells. TAK-931 exhibited significant antiproliferative activity in preclinical animal models. Furthermore, in indication-seeking studies using large-scale cell panel data, TAK-931 exhibited higher antiproliferative activities in RAS-mutant versus RAS–wild-type cells; this finding was confirmed in pancreatic patient-derived xenografts. Comparison analysis of cell panel data also demonstrated a unique efficacy spectrum for TAK-931 compared with currently used chemotherapeutic drugs. Our findings help to elucidate the molecular mechanisms for TAK-931 and identify potential target indications.

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In this study, The antitumor efficacy studies for TAK-931 in 93 PDX models (HuPrime models), was used to show that TAK-931 exhibited higher antiproliferative activities in RAS-mutant versus RAS–wild-type cells

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